Classical theory has thus been referred to as a utilitarian approach to crime explanations of crime as a rational choice are popular and widely supported by law enforcement, lawmakers, and academic disciplines such as the economics of crime, political science, and law (see, eg, cornish & clarke, 1986 akers, 1990. Biological and psychological theories on juvenile delinquency 3 ries of punishment this conception largely lost its momentum in the 19th century, par- ticularly given the prevalence of darwin's theory of evolution. Personality trait theory , as related to juvenile delinquency, is similar to psychody- namic theories in that it assumes that traits develop primarily from childhood and are internal mechanisms controlling the individualõs behavior (shoemaker, 2005 .
Feminist theories argue that the causes of their crime differ somewhat from those of male crime, although female crime is largely explained in terms of strain theory meda chesney-lind and others argue that much female crime stems from the fact that juvenile females are often sexually abused by family members. General strain theory has been empirically tested and linked to a number of illicit behaviors from juvenile delinquency to adult gambling (eitle and taylor self-esteemchapter 4 • sociological explanations of juvenile delinquency 2 social support. The major sociological theorists who have contributed to the criminological knowledge of delinquency are merton, frederick thrasher, clifford shaw and henry mckay, george herbert mead, albert cohen, cloward and ohlin, walter miller, and david matza merton's anomie theory (1938:672-682) is that.
Walter reckless's social control theory holding that behavior is controlled through outer containment (influences of family, peers, etc) and inner containment (strengths within self), working in opposition to external pushes, external pressures, and external pulls. Theories of delinquency provides a comprehensive survey of major theoretical approaches to the understanding of delinquent behavior it includes discussions and evaluations of all major individualistic and sociological theories, presenting each theory in a standard format with basic assumptions, important concepts, and evaluations of the research connected with the theories. The juvenile justice and delinquency prevention committee is the official juvenile justice planning, coordinating, and policy-setting body for the commonwealth of pennsylvania the committee develops a comprehensive, long-range plan and related policies for the commonwealth's juvenile justice system. Modern studies on juvenile delinquency have found these factors influential enough in juvenile delinquency thus describing them as contemporary theories (hå n-su & hyå n-sil 2008, p 39) a good example is educational abilities of some victims of this kind of crimes. Ecological theory seeks to explain delinquency based on where it occurs shaw and mckay 's social disorganization theory is the most prominent theory.
Juvenile delinquency is a massive and growing individual while others view delinquency as a macra level function of society4 many of the theories that will be presented will be applicable to at least some instances of crime and delinquency in society. Taking a sociological approach, this text discusses delinquency as it relates to and emerges from the youth's family, neighborhood, school, peer group, social class, and overall cultural and social environment the authors incorporate contributions from psychologists, social workers, criminologists. Trait theory relies on the idea that delinquents show biological and physiological similarities to our primitive ancestors, the textbook the juvenile delinquency written by siegel and welsh describe it as savage throwbacks of an earlier stage of human evolution.
Read youth-focused publications and other resources available from the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention. Nevertheless, it seems there is no theory which explains juvenile delinquency everywhere and every time i'm interested for the same question, and i'm trying to find the best answer since 2008. Criminological theories •criminology itself is the study of theories that attempt to provide an understanding of criminal behavior and/or crime •in this unit, we will take a closer look at criminological theories.
298 c s fitzgerald tenets of historical theory related to crime and delinquency after presenting these commonalities, four overarching theoretical categories are presented. Skinnerian based social psychological theories of reinforcement and punishment are influential in this model of criminal control although the idea of punishment for crime has a much longer history (jeffery, 1990. The imprecision of theoretical discussions of delinquency and the lack of established empirical relationships relevant to these discussions is noted in this article reasons for the disjunction of. Many psychological theories of deviance are inextricably linked to biological conditions of the human body and mind characteristics of deviants, such as poor self-control, impulsivity, aggression.