Mcgregors theory is also from are one of those theories that comprise much influence on both the management and the employee further, details of two distinct theories, ie theory x and theory y, given by mcgregor, are explained below with the main assumptions of each theory. Theory x and theory y are still referred to commonly in the field of management and motivation, and whilst more recent studies have questioned the rigidity of the model, mcgregor's x-y theory remains a valid basic principle from which to develop positive management style and techniques. Theory x is a theory in which managers believe that workers dislike work, will avoid responsibility, are not creative theory x managers and supervisors are sometimes called micro-managers micro-managers believe that they must oversee every single task assigned to the employee.
The eminent psychologist douglas mcgregor has given his theory of motivation called theory x and theory y he first presented his theory in a classic article titled 'the human side of enterprise' he treated traditional approach to management as 'theory x' and the professional approach to. Theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960s that thousand oaks, ca: sage douglas mcgregor: theory x and theory y workforce jan2002, vol 81 issue 1, p32,1/4p,1 bw. Dr doğan unlucan mcgregor theories x and theory y student: 2 introductıon theory x and theory y are theories of human motivation created and developed by douglas mcgregor at the mit sloan school of management in the 1960 they describe two contrasting models of workforce. Introduced by douglas mcgregor, theory x and theory y talk about the diverging views that exist about how organizations function the two theories are sets of propositions and beliefs about human nature mcgregor assigned certain traits to each theory.
(i) theory 'x' and theory 'y' are a good guide to management, to not only developing motivational techniques but also attuning entire managerial systems around these assumptions about human behaviour (ii) mcgregor's assumptions about human behaviour are rather realistic. Theory x and theory y are theories of human work motivation and management they were created by douglas mcgregor while he was working at the mit sloan school of management in the 1950s, and developed further in the 1960s. Mcgregor theory x assumes that employees of an organization or team members are naturally unmotivated and dislike working, and this encourages an authoritarian leadership style according to this view, management of an organization must actively involve in get things done by their employees. According to mcgregor, theory x management assumes the following: work is inherently distasteful to most people, and they will attempt to avoid work whenever possible essentially, theory x assumes that the primary source of employee motivation is monetary, with security as a strong second.
Theory: theory x and theory y theorist: dr douglas murray mcgregor biography: douglas murray mcgregor was born in detroit michigan in 1906 and he died in 1964 in concord massachusetts mcgregor held many different jobs while he worked to obtain his education. Theory x and theory y were introduced in 1960 by douglas mcgregor, an american social psychologist in his book 'the human side of enterprise' this is one of the most famous motivational theories in management in combination, both approaches are referred to as theory xy. In 1960, douglas mcgregor formulated theory x and theory y suggesting two aspects of human behaviour at work, or in other words, two different views of individuals (employees): one of which is negative, called as theory x and the other is positive, so called as theory y according to. Definition of theory y theory y is a modern approach on motivation, put forward by mcgregor it uses the participative style of management and assumes that workforce is self-directed and enjoy the work assigned to them, in the accomplishment of organisational objectives. Mcgregor's work on theory x and theory y has had a significant impact on management thought and practice in the years since he first articulated the concepts in terms of the study of management, mcgregor's concepts are included in the overwhelming majority of basic management textbooks.
And theory x theory y was based on mcgregor's book of 1960s called the human side of enterprise so it's a completely different perspective to theory x theory y offers an almost diametrically opposite perspective because the assumption is that if you look at your employee. Learn about theory x and theory y proposed by mcgregor in 1960's and understand what management styles they encourage respectively understand the contrast between the two theories or completely different styles of management and learn how you can apply this in your organizational.
The mcgregor theory x and theory y are not based on a single truth theory x managers and theory y managers often see their perceptions of people confirmed the democratic approach of theory y makes people feel comfortable as a result of which they commit themselves wholeheartedly. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y introduction human beings have been studied systematically and objectively for many years to determine if they are resistant to work or self-governing in addition, managers who tend to utilize mcgregor's theory x generally receive poor results from their. Theory x and theory y in his 1960 book, the human side of enterprise, douglas mcgregor proposed two theories by which to view employee motivation he avoided descriptive labels and simply called the theories theory x and theory y both of these theories begin with the premise. Contingency thinking mcgregor's theory x and theory y theory x theory y self-fulfilling prophecy is when an individual creates situations where others act in ways that conform the original expectations mcgregor believed that managers who hold either set of assumptions can create.
Douglas mcgregor wrote about theory x and theory y in the late 1950s and early 1960s mcgregor's theory x & y describe divergent managerial beliefs about. Douglas mcgregor expressed his views of human nature in two sets of assumptions they are popularly known as 'theory x' and 'theory y' theory x stands for the set of traditional beliefs held, while theory-y stands for the set of beliefs based on researchers in behavioral science which are.
The concept of theory x and theory y was developed by social psychologist douglas mcgregor it describes two contrasting sets of assumptions that managers make about their people: theory x - people dislike work, have little ambition, and are unwilling to take responsibility. Douglas mcgregor's (1969) theory x and theory y is a theory that tries to explain and describe differences in mananagement styles and leadership behavior douglas mcgregor assumes that an organization and its leaders can have different views on the skills and the motivation of the members. Mcgregor's theory x and theory y gives managers a new understanding of how different leadership methods has an effect on the productivity of employees theory x and theory y are not opposites and neither is one completely better than the other one the theories are just a guideline on how which.